The European Union has frozen Russian assets worth $13.8bn since Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24, EU Justice Commissioner Didier Reynders said on Tuesday.
The EU has so far adopted six sanction packages against Russia, including a ban on most Russian oil imports approved in early June.
A total of 98 companies and 1,158 individuals, including Russian President Vladimir Putin and Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, have seen their property frozen and been banned from entering the EU.
“For the moment, we have frozen — coming from oligarchs and other entities — 13.8 billion euros ($13.8 billion), so it’s quite huge,” Reynders told reporters in Prague.
“But I must say that a very large part of it, more than 12 billion… is coming from five member states,” he added ahead of an informal meeting of EU justice ministers held by the Czech Republic, which holds the rotating EU presidency.
He refused to name the five countries but added he expected the other members of the 27-member bloc to step up efforts soon.
German Finance Minister Christian Lindner put the value of assets frozen by Germany alone at 4.48 billion euros in mid-June.
Ukrainian Justice Minister Denys Maliuska said in Prague that the assets should be used to cover compensation for war damages.
“Currently they are protected by sovereign immunity but our understanding is that assets of a state (that) started a war, committed aggression, shall not be protected by sovereign immunity,” he said.
“We are suffering from economic losses and it does not make sense to cover all those losses with Ukrainian or European taxpayers’ money,” Maliuska added.
At the end of June, an international sanctions task force said its members, including several EU countries, had blocked $30 billion in assets belonging to Russian oligarchs and officials.
The Russian Elites, Proxies and Oligarchs Task Force said its members — who also include Britain, Canada, Japan, the US and other allies — had immobilised $300 billion owned by the Russian central bank.